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Antique Cabinets - Item 4117
Gothic Dressoir Cabinet

4117-french-gothic-cabinet

(scroll down for additional photos)
 
Item 4117 Gothic Dressoir Cabinet with Fenestrage or Tracery
Dimensions

Width39½ ; Height 51; Depth 17  (in inches)

Wood Oak
Country France
Date Circa 1870
Description

We find dressoirs such as this one to be difficult to resist on the rare occasions that they come on the market in Europe.  It embodies one of the earliest innovations of the Middle Ages when a chest was flipped onto a table and a cabinet, for storing valuable textiles and plate, was born.  As a piece of useful furniture, it stayed in vogue through the Renaissance but died out in the late 16th century when completely enclosed cabinets, without an open bottom or pot-board, became all the rage in Paris.

This dressoir is more diminutive in stature than the typical 19th century reproduction of the Gothic pieces from museums around France (see, for example, Items 9204 and 9205).  Since the overall shape is hexagonal rather than rectangular, most likely the design was based on a piece from the later Middle Ages, when more sophisticated woodworking techniques allowed craftsmen to attempt designs involving other than right angles (see, for example, Item 3100).

The decorative elements that made these earlier dressoirs so beloved are faithfully executed here.  For example, the panels comprising the two doors on the front of the cabinet are true to designs of the past with a series of lancet arches supporting fenestrage or tracery made up of elliptical and tear-drop shapes even more intricate carving.  The rhythmic nature of the arches and tracery lends a pleasing effect as it attracts the eye to the intricacy of the design and the central themes of the cabinet.

Panels that are narrower and based on pointed arches rather than ogives, make up the four side panels of the cabinet.  The larger quatre-foil design of the tracery is remarkable to find in a side panel, leading us to think this may have been a specially commissioned piece since otherwise the side panels would have been a simpler,  plis-de-serviette design, as seen at the back of the pot-board.

Framing the outer edges of each door is a robed and hooded figure, standing on a pedestal, and whose back is part of the vertical frame of the cabinet.  The figures are simply carved, adding yet another reference to this cabinet's roots in medieval architecture and the figures of the prophets from cathedrals such as Amiens.  Below their feet is a column with the diagonal design of intricate carving, again reminiscent of cathedral design.

The top part of the cabinet includes one wide drawer whose decoration is tracery --elliptical shapes which are echoed on the sides as well, to form a united frieze separating the top of the cabinet from the pot-board.
 

Reference

Boccador, Jacqueline, Le Mobilier Français du Moyen Age à la Renaissance, Editions d'Art Monelle Hayot (Saint-Just-en-Chaussée, 1988); Thirion, Jacques, Le Mobilier du Moyen Age et de la Renaissance en France (Editions Faton, Dijon, 1998); Viollet-le-Duc, Eugène, Le Mobilier Médiéval (Georges Bernage, editor) (Editions Heimdal, 2003)
 

Uses

 In keeping with its 15th century all-purpose forebears, this piece is ideal for virtually any room in the house or in a business setting.  Its smaller size, compared to the typical dressoir makes it ideal for more intimate settings.
 

4117-right-door-panel
 
4117-right-side

 

4117-upper

4117-base

4117-interior

4117-upper-right

4117-top

 
4117-figure

4117-base-detail

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