M. Markley Antiques

Home

Chests
Cabinets

Armoires
Chairs
Fireplaces
Mirrors




Resources
About Us
Terms
Contact Us
Links

Antique Cabinets - Item 4154B
Gothic Dressoir Cabinet (Pair with 4154A)

4154b-gothic--cabient

(scroll down for additional photos)
 
Item 4154B Gothic Dressoir Cabinet with Fenestrage or Tracery
Dimensions

Width 48; Height 65½; Depth 21¾   (in inches)

Wood Solid oak
Country France
Date Circa 1890
Description

This Gothic style cabinet, and its near twin (4154A) represent the height of 19th century enthusiasm for Gothic design focused on architectural elements evoking cathedrals and their stained glass windows.  Cabinets of this type, known as dressoirs derive from the medieval practice of making a cabinet by mounting a chest on legs, or on a table, and adding a shelf below, known as a pot board.  As the dressoir evolved into a single piece of furniture, with drawers added below the case, it took on many subtle variations such as in the number of doors and the addition of a decorative panel between them.
The fenestrage (from the French word fenêtre, meaning window) carving on the three doors of this cabinet is remarkable for it virtuosity and vitality, as well as its extraordinary detail and excellent condition. Fenestrage in Gothic furniture mimics the window patterns in cathedrals with their pointed arches and rosace designs. Unlike 4154A, the three doors are similar in design, incorporating the fleur-de-lys and a heart on the left and right while the central door exhibits the same overall structure but lacking the fleur-de-lys and heart motifs.
Although not stemming from the architecture of Gothic cathedrals, the fleur-de-lys was a popular motif in Gothic furniture symbolic of the Holy Trinity, frequently hidden within the intricacy of the fenestrage or displayed prominently as in the left and right doors of this cabinet.
The cabinet has 3 doors on the front with each panel being carved differently Each door is 11 1/4" x 20 1/8", and inside each doored compartment is 17" deep, 13" wide and 20" high. Each door has its original iron hinges and key escutcheon, but only the right hand door has a functioning lock and key, the other locks, long lost.
The sides of the top are carved linen fold (plis-de-serviette) panels, and acting as corbels are multiple rosettes that appear to support the very top and the box structure of the top as well. Extending downward from the top structure are what resemble the tops of Gothic arches, that are carved so that where they meet, they become
  fleurs-de-lys. Many of these were broken, but not missing, when we bought the piece, but after many  hours of work have yielded a beautiful restoration of this exceptional detail.
There are two eight-sided columns supporting the top and there are finely detailed chain carvings up three of the sides and a kind of overlapping scale pattern (entrelacs) up two more of the sides. Only the back three sides have no carving.
The four panels at the back of the pot board are a traditional linen-fold (plis-de serviette) design, exhibiting the key distinction from Cabinet 4154A whose linen-fold panels are highly stylized.
Unusual in originals from the Gothic period, this cabinet has yet more fenestrage covering the bottom apron near the floor.
  The quatrefoils differ from those used elsewhere on the piece and are set within a pleasing, undulating framework.
 

Reference

Boccador, Jacqueline, Le Mobilier Français du Moyen Age à la Renaissance, Editions d'Art Monelle Hayot (Saint-Just-en-Chaussée, 1988); Thirion, Jacques, Le Mobilier du Moyen Age et de la Renaissance en France (Editions Faton, Dijon, 1998); Viollet-le-Duc, Eugène, Le Mobilier Médiéval (Georges Bernage, editor) (Editions Heimdal, 2003)
 

Uses

 This cabinet and its very similar #4154A are beautiful in every way, including carving quality, condition, color and size that would be an extraordinary addition to any area deserving exuberance and style, such as an office, living room or dining room. Useful for storage out of sight, in the top, the cabinet's pot board is an ideal place for a trophies, whether athletic or decorative.
 

 
4154b-left-door-panel
 
4154b-right-door-panel

 

4154b-center-door-panel
 
4154b-fleur-de-lys

 

4154b-base-corner
 
4154a-fenestrage-detail

 

4154b-top-interior

4154b-frieze

4154b-potboard

4154b-base-detail

4154b-side

4154b-bottom-side
 
4154b-back
 
4154b-shipping label
 
4154b-base-detail
 
4154b-side-frieze
 
4154b-ogive

Home * Chests * Cabinets * Tables * Armoires * Chairs *
Fireplaces * Mirrors * Ceramics/Rugs *
Resources * About Us * Terms * Contact Us

Valid HTML 4.01!