Antique Cabinets - Item 9440
Renaissance Enfilade Buffet or Sideboard
down for additional photos -- variations in color is due to difficulties
of lighting such a large piece for photographs)
||Renaissance Buffet Cabinet (Enfilade) or Sideboard
with Lions’ Heads
||Width 90, Height 40, Depth 25 (in inches)
This massive, four-door buffet cabinet or enfilade, is hand-carved of solid French walnut. A classic buffet buffet
or sideboard, it encompasses characteristic design elements such as the lions heads associated with the Henri II style, a 19th century revival of the Renaissance stylistic elements of 16th century France. The elaborate carving of the lions’ heads, encased in rectangular panels or cartouches carved to look like shields, bears witness to the influence of Jacques Androuet du Cerceau whose designs incorporated such figures as well as extensive use of armorial and architectural motifs.
Above each door is a drawer exhibiting trompe-l’œil drapery held aloft by a central badge which doubles as the drawer pull. The drapery is also a unifying element, seen in each of the door panels where it appears to be threaded through the lion’s mouth. Fondness
for such a motif can be traced directly to engravings
from earlier centuries, particularly of theatrical scenes
involving mythology and the animal kingdom which influenced
heavily the change of direction from rectilinear to
curved forms characteristic of furniture from the time
of Louis XIV.
Rich decoration and complexity of style coupled with the warm, blonde tones of the walnut, make this massive piece an exquisite example of French craftsmanship. While it appears that this cabinet had a separable upper section at the time it was made in the 19th century, it works well without it in a 21st century setting.
The top of the cabinet has fifteen tiny plugs,
each about the size of a penny, where walnut of the
same grain and color has been used to fill the spots
where the upper cabinet would have joined this piece.
Five of the plugs are across the back and the
remainder are near the sides so that the middle section
is clear. Whoever executed this modification did
so artfully and fully in keeping with the overall look
of the piece so that it could stand alone as a triumph
of Renaissance design.
Laurence, Le Mobilier en Picardie 1200-1700
(Picard Editeur, Paris, 1990);
Rousseau, Francis, Le Grand Livre des Meubles (Copyright Studio, Paris, 1999);
Temps d'Exubérance, Les Arts Décoratifs sous Louis XIII et Anne d'Autriche,
Paris, Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais (Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 2002)
Ideal as a sideboard for the dining room or kitchen, the buffet could also serve as a credenza in an office or library.