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Antique Chairs - Item 5116

6 Gothic Dining Chairs

 

6 gothic dining chairs

(scroll down for additional photos  -- difficulties of photographing with flash have accounted for the variation in hues, but the photo above most accurately reflects the color)  

Item 5116 6 Gothic Dining Chairs
Dimensions

Width 17½, Height 45, Depth 15½ (in inches)

Wood Walnut
Country France
Date Circa 1890

Price

$5,257

Description

Dining chairs made in France in the Gothic style and over 100 years old are hard to find, but in walnut, intact, and a set of 6?  Almost impossible.  Most likely, these chairs once comprised a set of 12, the most common multiple from a time when dining rooms were grand and tables accommodated larger groups than today's typical dinner party.  Being highly portable, chairs were easily separated from their cohorts whether at the time of the owner's demise and a divvying up among heirs, or destruction during the conflicts involving France.  So a beautifully preserved set of six is a treat to behold.

Walnut chairs andGothic design are the ideal pairing because of the ability to carve more intricately the details of tracery or fenestrage characteristic of Gothic architecture.  Oak, harder by far and the more common material in both the Middle Ages and the 19th century revival of Gothic design in France, does not lend itself to the subtleties of expression we find in walnut.

All of thesechairs have unique designs for the back.  Although Chairs 2 and 6, below, are similar they are not identical.  All share lancet arches at the base above which variations on a theme of quatrefoils, ellipses, and other standard shapes (mouchettes, fleurettes, and soufflets) abound.  Two of the chairs (2 and 3, below) have a pattern called an entrelacs running from top to bottom on either side of the backs' central panel.  The carving on each chair is magnificent, enhanced by the rich patina of the walnut from which it is carved.

The unifyingelement for the set is found in the top of each chair where a wide ogive arch frames open tracery.  Alternating shapes based on the standard vocabulary of quatrefoil, mouchette and soufflet populate the interior of the arch which is topped by crocketing leading to a central toupie in the shape of a fleur-de-lys.

Virtuoso carvingthroughout makes these chairs masterpieces of the Gothic style even beyond the seat backs.  For example, the base of each chair includes an "H" shaped stretcher and front support columns carved in the diagonal, spiral motif used on columns in Gothic cathedrals to symbolize eternal life.
This sturdy construction has served them well and, as with all the chairs we offer, they are intact and ready for more years of use and enjoyment.

Looking for 8 chairs instead of 6?  Consider Item 4180.  These chairs are substantially similar and would integrate well.

 

Reference

Ader-Tajan, Collection Bruno Perrier Haute Epoque (Catalog for Sale at Auction on April 6, 1992 at the Hôtel Drouot, Paris); Boccador, Jacqueline, Le Mobilier Français du Moyen Age à la Renaissance, Editions d'Art Monelle Hayot (Saint-Just-en-Chaussée, 1988); Thirion, Jacques, Le Mobilier du Moyen Age et de la Renaissance en France (Editions Faton, Dijon, 1998); Viollet-le-Duc, Eugène, Le Mobilier Médiéval (Georges Bernage, editor) (Editions Heimdal, 2003).

 

Uses

These chairs, including the possible addition of Chairs 4180, are ideal for surrounding a dining table such as Item 4110.

 

gothic dining chair top

 

side view gothic dining chair top

 

chair #1 back

 Chair #1

chair #2 back
Chair #2 

 

chair #3 back

 Chair #3

 

chair #4 back

Chair #4

 

chair #5 back

Chair #5

 

chair #6 back

Chair #6

 

bases of gothic dining chairs

 

base gothic chair

 

chair leg gothic column

 

side view gothic dining chair

base gothic dining chair

 

gothic dining chair seat

 

base front

 

rear view gothic dining chair